Problema avvio Linux

cperciba

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Dopo aver formattato l'HD, cancellato Windows e reinstallato solo Linux ho riscontrato il seguente malfunzionamento :
all'accensione del PC, se l' Hard Disk esterno è staccato, il Sistema Operativo non si avvia.
Secondo me ho fatto qualche casino con grub in fase di installazione.
Vorrei capire come settarlo in maniera che possa avviare il S.O. dalla SSD del portatile.

Grazie

Di seguito informazioni sulla mia configurazione HW :
claudio@SOLE:/var/log$ cat /etc/fstab
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a device; this may
# be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices that works even if
# disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
UUID=4A21-F0E4 /boot/efi vfat umask=0077 0 2
UUID=d1bddfe5-d6e3-41d3-b930-6feabe7cd2e4 / ext4 defaults 0 1
UUID=1E62859362857077 /media/claudio/DATI ntfs-3g defaults 0 1
UUID=6265931839BE3484 /media/claudio/BKP ntfs-3g defaults 0 1
UUID=33B60CC645F5CCC5 /media/claudio/VIDEOVISTI ntfs-3g defaults 0 1
#/dev/sdb1 /media/DATI-HD-EXT ntfs-3g rw,user,exec,auto 0 0
#/dev/sda1 /media/DATI ntfs-3g defaults,uid=1000,uid=1001,locale=en_US.utf8,auto 0 2

claudio@SOLE:~$ inxi -Fx
System: Host: SOLE Kernel: 5.11.0-49-generic x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc v: 10.2.1 Desktop: LXQt 0.16.1
Distro: Ubuntu 21.04 (Hirsute Hippo)
Machine: Type: Laptop System: HP product: OMEN by HP Laptop v: Type1ProductConfigId serial: <superuser required>
Mobo: HP model: 8259 v: 83.45 serial: <superuser required> UEFI: Insyde v: F.35 date: 01/23/2017
Battery: ID-1: BAT0 charge: 46.8 Wh condition: 46.8/46.8 Wh (100%) model: Hewlett-Packard Primary status: Full
Device-1: hidpp_battery_0 model: Logitech M350 Wireless Mouse charge: 100% (should be ignored) status: Discharging
CPU: Info: Quad Core model: Intel Core i7-7700HQ bits: 64 type: MT MCP arch: Kaby Lake rev: 9 L2 cache: 6 MiB
flags: avx avx2 lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx bogomips: 44798
Speed: 3450 MHz min/max: 800/3800 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 3450 2: 3512 3: 3502 4: 3488 5: 3467 6: 3454 7: 3497
8: 3452
Graphics: Device-1: Intel HD Graphics 630 vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: i915 v: kernel bus ID: 00:02.0
Device-2: NVIDIA GP107M [GeForce GTX 1050 Mobile] vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: nouveau v: kernel bus ID: 01:00.0
Device-3: Sunplus Innovation HP Wide Vision HD type: USB driver: uvcvideo bus ID: 1-4:4
Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.20.11 driver: loaded: modesetting unloaded: fbdev,vesa resolution: 1: 1920x1080~60Hz
2: 1920x1080~60Hz
OpenGL: renderer: Mesa Intel HD Graphics 630 (KBL GT2) v: 4.6 Mesa 21.0.3 direct render: Yes
Audio: Device-1: Intel CM238 HD Audio vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 00:1f.3
Device-2: NVIDIA GP107GL High Definition Audio driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 01:00.1
Sound Server: ALSA v: k5.11.0-49-generic
Network: Device-1: Intel Wireless 7265 driver: iwlwifi v: kernel port: 4000 bus ID: 04:00.0
IF: wlo1 state: up mac: c8:21:58:a5:b4:19
Device-2: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: r8169 v: kernel
port: 3000 bus ID: 05:00.0
IF: eno1 state: down mac: 40:b0:34:50:18:ac
Bluetooth: Device-1: Intel Bluetooth wireless interface type: USB driver: btusb v: 0.8 bus ID: 1-7:6
Report: ID: hci0 state: up running pscan bt-v: 2.1 lmp-v: 4.2 address: C8:21:58:A5:B4:1D
Drives: Local Storage: total: 3.54 TiB used: 1.34 TiB (37.7%)
ID-1: /dev/nvme0n1 vendor: Samsung model: MZVLW256HEHP-000H1 size: 238.47 GiB temp: 48.9 C
ID-2: /dev/sda vendor: HGST (Hitachi) model: HTS721010A9E630 size: 931.51 GiB
ID-3: /dev/sdb type: USB vendor: Western Digital model: WD6400AAKS-00A7B0 size: 596.17 GiB
ID-4: /dev/sdc type: USB vendor: Seagate model: ST2000DM001-1ER164 size: 1.82 TiB
Partition: ID-1: / size: 233.43 GiB used: 149.46 GiB (64.0%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/nvme0n1p2
ID-2: /boot/efi size: 299.4 MiB used: 5.2 MiB (1.7%) fs: vfat dev: /dev/nvme0n1p1
Swap: Alert: No Swap data was found.
Sensors: System Temperatures: cpu: 73.0 C mobo: N/A gpu: nouveau temp: 53.0 C
Fan Speeds (RPM): N/A
Info: Processes: 316 Uptime: 15m Memory: 15.52 GiB used: 3.91 GiB (25.2%) Init: systemd runlevel: 5 Compilers:
gcc: 10.3.0 Packages: 2445 Shell: Bash v: 5.1.4 inxi: 3.3.01

claudio@SOLE:~$ lsusb
Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub
Bus 001 Device 006: ID 8087:0a2a Intel Corp. Bluetooth wireless interface
Bus 001 Device 004: ID 1bcf:2c87 Sunplus Innovation Technology Inc. HP Wide Vision HD
Bus 001 Device 007: ID 046d:c52f Logitech, Inc. Unifying Receiver
Bus 001 Device 005: ID 174c:55aa ASMedia Technology Inc. ASM1051E SATA 6Gb/s bridge, ASM1053E SATA 6Gb/s bridge, ASM1153 SATA 3Gb/s bridge, ASM1153E SATA 6Gb/s bridge
Bus 001 Device 003: ID 05e3:0610 Genesys Logic, Inc. Hub
Bus 001 Device 002: ID 13fd:0840 Initio Corporation INIC-1618L SATA
Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub

claudio@SOLE:~$ lscpu
Architecture: x86_64
CPU op-mode(s): 32-bit, 64-bit
Byte Order: Little Endian
Address sizes: 39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
CPU(s): 8
On-line CPU(s) list: 0-7
Thread(s) per core: 2
Core(s) per socket: 4
Socket(s): 1
NUMA node(s): 1
Vendor ID: GenuineIntel
CPU family: 6
Model: 158
Model name: Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-7700HQ CPU @ 2.80GHz
Stepping: 9
CPU MHz: 3427.591
CPU max MHz: 3800,0000
CPU min MHz: 800,0000
BogoMIPS: 5599.85
Virtualization: VT-x
L1d cache: 128 KiB
L1i cache: 128 KiB
L2 cache: 1 MiB
L3 cache: 6 MiB
NUMA node0 CPU(s): 0-7
Vulnerability Itlb multihit: KVM: Mitigation: VMX disabled
Vulnerability L1tf: Mitigation; PTE Inversion; VMX conditional cache flushes, SMT vulnerable
Vulnerability Mds: Mitigation; Clear CPU buffers; SMT vulnerable
Vulnerability Meltdown: Mitigation; PTI
Vulnerability Spec store bypass: Mitigation; Speculative Store Bypass disabled via prctl and seccomp
Vulnerability Spectre v1: Mitigation; usercopy/swapgs barriers and __user pointer sanitization
Vulnerability Spectre v2: Mitigation; Full generic retpoline, IBPB conditional, IBRS_FW, STIBP conditional, RSB filling
Vulnerability Srbds: Mitigation; Microcode
Vulnerability Tsx async abort: Not affected
Flags: fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe syscall nx pdpe1gb rdtscp lm consta
nt_tsc art arch_perfmon pebs bts rep_good nopl xtopology nonstop_tsc cpuid aperfmperf pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 sdbg fma cx16 x
tpr pdcm pcid sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic movbe popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave avx f16c rdrand lahf_lm abm 3dnowprefetch cpuid_fault epb invpcid_single pti s
sbd ibrs ibpb stibp tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid ept_ad fsgsbase tsc_adjust bmi1 avx2 smep bmi2 erms invpcid mpx rdseed adx smap clflushopt intel_
pt xsaveopt xsavec xgetbv1 xsaves dtherm ida arat pln pts hwp hwp_notify hwp_act_window hwp_epp md_clear flush_l1d
claudio@SOLE:~$ lspci
00:00.0 Host bridge: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v6/7th Gen Core Processor Host Bridge/DRAM Registers (rev 05)
00:01.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 6th-10th Gen Core Processor PCIe Controller (x16) (rev 05)
00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation HD Graphics 630 (rev 04)
00:04.0 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation Xeon E3-1200 v5/E3-1500 v5/6th Gen Core Processor Thermal Subsystem (rev 05)
00:14.0 USB controller: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family USB 3.0 xHCI Controller (rev 31)
00:14.2 Signal processing controller: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Thermal Subsystem (rev 31)
00:16.0 Communication controller: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family MEI Controller #1 (rev 31)
00:17.0 SATA controller: Intel Corporation HM170/QM170 Chipset SATA Controller [AHCI Mode] (rev 31)
00:1c.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #1 (rev f1)
00:1c.4 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #5 (rev f1)
00:1c.5 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #6 (rev f1)
00:1c.6 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #7 (rev f1)
00:1d.0 PCI bridge: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family PCI Express Root Port #9 (rev f1)
00:1f.0 ISA bridge: Intel Corporation HM175 Chipset LPC/eSPI Controller (rev 31)
00:1f.2 Memory controller: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family Power Management Controller (rev 31)
00:1f.3 Audio device: Intel Corporation CM238 HD Audio Controller (rev 31)
00:1f.4 SMBus: Intel Corporation 100 Series/C230 Series Chipset Family SMBus (rev 31)
01:00.0 3D controller: NVIDIA Corporation GP107M [GeForce GTX 1050 Mobile] (rev a1)
01:00.1 Audio device: NVIDIA Corporation GP107GL High Definition Audio Controller (rev a1)
03:00.0 Unassigned class [ff00]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTS522A PCI Express Card Reader (rev 01)
04:00.0 Network controller: Intel Corporation Wireless 7265 (rev 61)
05:00.0 Ethernet controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller (rev 15)
06:00.0 Non-Volatile memory controller: Samsung Electronics Co Ltd NVMe SSD Controller SM961/PM961/SM963
 

Kelion

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Ciao. E si hai fatto casino con le partizioni all'avvio probabilmente piazzando il boot sul disco esterno. Ti consiglio una reinstallazione da 0 scollegando il disco esterno eliminando tutte le partizioni dal disco principale. Parti da spazio non allocato e fai fare all'installer.
 

Moffetta88

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INTEGRATA
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E' sempre buona cosa, quando si fanno installazioni del SO, avere meno dischi/usb collegate al computer proprio per evitare questi problemi.
Reinstalla da zero che ci metti meno ^__^
 

Zar Marco

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L''hdd esterno è uno di quelli montati in /run/media/claudio? In tal caso ti basta commentare la sua voce in fstab. Poi sarebbe da capire se si blocca o se semplicemente va in attesa perché non trova il disco. In questo caso l'avvio può starci qualche minuto. Se i tre inseriti in fstab come /run/media/claudio sono tre partizioni di tale disco, l'avvio è ritardato di 1 minuto e mezzo per ogni partizione che non trova
 

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